In the third quarter of 2021, there were more women than men working in activities (according to NACE) for households (e.g. maids, valets, caretakers, etc.) or in production for own use ( 88%), human health and social work (78%), education (72%), other service activities (64%), accommodation and catering activities and financial and insurance activities (53% each). However, women represented only 10% of workers in the construction sector and 13% in the mining and quarrying sector.
In terms of occupations (according to ISCO), in the third quarter of 2021, women were overrepresented among office workers (66%), service and sales workers (63%), professionals (54%) and people exercising elementary professions. (53%). In contrast, women made up only one-tenth of workers in crafts and related trades (11%) and workers in the armed forces (10%).
Source datasets: lfsq_egan2
Spotlight on developments over the past decade
Since the third quarter of 2011, the share of women has increased the most in the electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply sector, rising from 22% to 28% (+6 percentage points). The largest increase took place during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a 4 percentage point increase in the share of women in this sector between Q3 2019 and Q3 2021. The share of female managers also increased between Q3 2019 and Q3 2021. Q3 2011 and Q3 2021 but to a lesser extent. measure (from 33% to 35%), as well as women among professionals (from 52% to 54%).
In contrast, compared to the third quarter of 2011, the two largest declines in the share of women were recorded in the agriculture, forestry and fishing sector (from 39% to 31%). and among skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishing (from 37% to 29%). Elementary professions have also seen the share of women decrease, but less drastically (from 56% to 53%).
Source dataset: lfsq_egais
This article is part of a series of articles published in the run-up to International Women’s Day. In addition, a Eurostat webinar on gender statistics will be held on Monday 7 March on the occasion of International Women’s Day.
For more information:
- Eurostat’s webinar on gender statistics will take place on Monday 7 March
- Dedicated Eurostat section on gender indicators
- Eurostat database on equality between women and men
- Eurostat overview of employment and unemployment statistics
- Eurostat database on employment and unemployment statistics
- Eurostat Statistics Explained article persons employed and people at the start of employment by economic activity and occupation
- The database of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE)
- The UN website dedicated to International Women’s Day
- These selected results are taken from the European Labor Force Survey (LFS). Please note that there is a break in the LFS data series between 2020 and 2021 due to the implementation of Regulation (EU) 2019/1700. Please see the attachment Excel file for more information on the changes.
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