Large-scale influencer operations enacted through Chinese-language ecosystems, through platforms like Bilibili, Weibo, and WeChat, were discovered by research firm FireEye this month.
In addition, the growth of a rhetoric of social division in Hindi, Sinhala and Tamil contributed to community violence in India and Sri Lanka.
The task of reducing radical content can be like fighting a multi-headed hydra. Relentless attempts to eliminate threats only briefly drive extremist communities underground, before they reappear in greater numbers than before and on opaque platforms like Telegram.
Maintaining open communication and information sharing between government and industry is therefore essential to strike a balance between controlling the spread of radical ideology and managing their migration to the darker corners of the internet. .
Positioning video streaming platforms like YouTube within larger radicalization networks can create opportunities for collaboration with platforms to develop innovative countermeasures.
This becomes all the more important as more content, conversations and communities migrate online, including to other platforms such as audio communication channels like Clubhouse, also struggling with the growth of extremism.
However, with a more holistic, community-based and industry-aligned approach, Singapore can ensure that we remain resilient and responsive to new threats of radicalization.
Gareth Tan is an analyst at Access Partnership, a technology-focused public policy consultancy. These are his own opinions.