A cross-sectional CBCT-based study of the prevalence and anatomical features of C-shaped molars among Jordanians


  • Fernandes, M., De Ataide, I. & Wagle, R. C-shaped root canal configuration: A review of the literature. J. Conserv. Bump. 17312-319 (2014).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Cooke, HG & Cox, FL C-shaped canal configurations in mandibular molars. Jam. Bump. Assoc. 99836–839 (1979).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Shemesh, A. et al. C-shaped canals – prevalence and root canal configuration by cone-beam computed tomography assessment in mandibular first and second molars – a cross-sectional study. Clin. Oral survey. 212039-2044 (2017).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Silva, EJ, Nejaim, Y., Silva, AV, Haiter-Neto, F. & Cohenca, N. Evaluation of root canal configuration of mandibular molars in a Brazilian population using cone-beam computed tomography: an in vivo study . J. Endod. 39849-852 (2013).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Zheng, Q. et al. C-shaped root canal system in mandibular second molars in a Chinese population assessed by cone-beam computed tomography. Int. Endo. J 44857–862 (2011).

    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Nejaim, Y. et al. C-shaped canals in mandibular molars from a Brazilian subpopulation: prevalence and configuration of the root canal using cone-beam computed tomography. Clin. Oral survey. 243299–3305 (2020).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Martins, JNR et al. Worldwide prevalence of a tongue canal in mandibular premolars: a multicenter cross-sectional study with meta-analysis. J. Endod. 471253-1264 (2021).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Fan, B., Cheung, GS, Fan, M., Gutmann, JL & Fan, W. C-shaped canal system in mandibular second molars: part II radiographic features. J. Endod. 30904–908 (2004).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Saucepan, JYY et al. Root canal morphology of permanent teeth in a Malaysian subpopulation using cone beam computed tomography. BMC Oral Health 1914 (2019).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Viana Wanzeler, AM et al. Can cone-beam computed tomography change endodontists’ level of confidence in diagnosis and treatment planning? A before and after study. J. Endod. 46283-288 (2020).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Al-Qudah, AA & Awawdeh, LA Root and canal morphology of mandibular first and second molars in a Jordanian population. Int. Endo. J 42775–784 (2009).

    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • vonElm, E. et al. The statement on strengthening reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE): Guidelines for reporting observational studies. Int. J. Surg. 121495–1499 (2014).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Martins, JNR et al. Prevalence of C-shaped canal morphology using cone-beam computed tomography: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Int. Endo. J 521556-1572 (2019).

    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Alfawaz, H. et al. Prevalence of the C-shaped channel system in mandibular first and second molars in a Saudi population assessed by cone-beam computed tomography: a retrospective study. Clin. Oral survey. 23107–112 (2019).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Fan, B., Cheung, GS, Fan, M., Gutmann, JL & Bian, Z. C-shaped channel system in mandibular second molars: Part I – anatomical features. J. Endod. 30899–903 (2004).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Jin, GC, Lee, SJ & Roh, BD Anatomical study of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars by computed tomography analysis. J. Endod. 3210–13 (2006).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Wang, Y., Guo, J., Yang, HB, Han, X. & Yu, Y. Incidence of C-shaped root canal systems in mandibular second molars in the native Chinese population by clinical methods analysis. Int. J. Oral Sci. 4161–165 (2012).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Ladeira, DB, Cruz, AD, Freitas, DQ, and Almeida, SM Prevalence of C-shaped root canal in a Brazilian subpopulation: analysis by cone-beam computed tomography. Bras. Res. oral. 2839–45 (2014).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Abdalrahman, K., Talabani, R., Kazzaz, S., and Babarasul, D. Assessment of C-shaped canal morphology in mandibular and maxillary second molars in an Iraqi subpopulation using CT scan conical beam. Scanning 20221–10 (2022).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Von Zuben, M. et al. Worldwide prevalence of C-shaped morphologies of the mandibular second molar assessed by cone-beam computed tomography. J. Endod. 43(9), 1442-1447 (2017).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Khawaja, S. et al. C-shaped root canal systems in mandibular second molars in an Emirati population. Science. representing 1123863 (2021).

    ADS
    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Vizzotto, MB et al. CBCT for evaluation of second mesiobucal canals (MB2) in maxillary molars: effect of voxel size and presence of root filling. Int. Endo. J 46870–876 (2013).

    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Mirmohammadi, H. et al. Accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography in detecting a second mesiobuccal root canal in endodontically treated teeth: an ex vivo study. J. Endod. 411678-1681 (2015).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Fan, W., Fan, B., Gutmann, JL & Fan, M. Identification of a C-shaped canal system in mandibular second molars. Part III. Anatomical characteristics revealed by digital radiography by subtraction. J. Endod. 341187–1190 (2008).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Naitoh, M. et al. The role of objective plane angulation on the mandibular image using cross-sectional tomography. J. Oral Implantol. 32117-121 (2006).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Neves, FS et al. Oblique or orthoradial CBCT slices for preoperative implant planning: which is more accurate?. Bras. J. Oral Sci. 13104–108 (2014).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Alkhader, M., Hudieb, M., Jarab, F. & Shaweesh, A. The visibility of the mandibular canal on orthoradial and oblique CBCT slices at molar implant sites. Biotechnol. Biotechnol. Equip. 30770–776 (2016).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Estrela, C. et al. Position of the apical foramen relative to the proximal root surfaces of human permanent teeth determined using new cone-beam computed tomography software. J. Endod. 441741-1748 (2018).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Bueno, MR, Estrela, C., Azevedo, BC & Diogenes, A. Development of new cone-beam computed tomography software for endodontic diagnosis. Bras. Bump. J 29517–529 (2018).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Bueno, MR, Estrela, C., Azevedo, BC & Cintra Junqueira, JL Root canal shape of human permanent teeth determined by new cone beam tomography software. J. Endod. 461662–1674 (2020).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Porto, OCL et al. CBCT assessment of bone thickness in maxillary and mandibular teeth: an anatomical study. J.Appl. Oral sciences. 28e20190148 (2020).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Melton, DC, Krell, KV & Fuller, MW Anatomical and histological features of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars. J. Endod. 17384–388 (1991).

    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Seo, MS & Park, DS C-shaped root canals of mandibular second molars in a Korean population: clinical observation and in vitro analysis. Int. Endo. J 37139-144 (2004).

    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Zhang, R. et al. Use of cone-beam computed tomography to assess root and canal morphology of mandibular molars in Chinese individuals. Int. Endo. J 44990–999 (2011).

    CASE
    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Pawar, AM et al. Root canal morphology and variations of mandibular second molars in an Indian population: in vivo analysis by cone-beam computed tomography. Clin. Oral survey. 212801–2809 (2017).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Kato, A. et al. Evaluation of the root morphology of maxillary and mandibular second molars lost due to periodontitis. J. Periodontal. Res. 55753–761 (2020).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Solomonov, M., Paqué, F., Fan, B., Eilat, Y. & Berman, LH The Challenge of C-Shaped Canal Systems: A Comparative Study of Self-Adjusting File and ProTaper. J. Endod. 38209-214 (2012).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Keleş, A. & Keskin, C. Apical root canal morphology of mesial roots of mandibular first molars with type II vertucci configuration by means of micro-computed tomography. J. Endod. 43481–485 (2017).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Amoroso-Silva, P. et al. Analysis of mandibular second molars with fused roots and shallow root grooves using microcomputed tomography. J. Conserv. Bump. 21169–174 (2018).

    Article

    Google Scholar

  • Previous Neural research platform Vectara launched with $20 million seed
    Next Microsoft Bing gets an AI image generator